Stories are fine if it is made clear that is all they are. But science isn't about telling stories, it's about testing them in science we prefer the term hypothesis testing. The simplicity of how Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA are inherited is part of their appeal in ancestry testing: you don't have to worry about that inconvenient doubling of your ancestors with each generation back in time.
Jessica Adams: Psychic Astrologer. Astrology & Horoscopes
You only have one father, one father's father, etc. But the price of that simplicity is irrelevance: those two lineages represent a rapidly diminishing fraction of your ancestry the further back in time you go. It may be the case that your mitochondrial DNA lineage came to Britain with the Vikings — although that would be extremely difficult to demonstrate scientifically — but if true, this would still say very little about your origins.
There are some situations where Y chromosome or mitochondrial DNA information can be useful. It is, for example, reasonable to use large samples of these DNA types to say something about the histories of populations, if analyses are performed carefully and at the population level. Also, if genealogical research parish records, surnames, etc. But individual Y chromosome or mitochondrial DNA types provide no more than the vaguest hint about where their ancestors lived hundreds, or thousands of years ago. So why do newspapers report these claims and why do TV and radio programme makers base documentaries on them?
After all, there are plenty of experts who are engaged in scientifically cautious research on our genetic history and will point out their absurdity. One reason is that, being simple "just so" stories, they have a popular appeal that cannot be matched by the more rigorous population level testing of migration histories.
The bias is always towards the story rather than the science. Another possible reason is that "ancestry testing" is aimed at individuals, although in reality the statements made are sufficiently general that they could be true for a large number of people.
This is reminiscent of the " Forer effect " in psychology — the observation that individuals will tend to believe descriptions of their personality that supposedly are tailored specifically for them, but are in fact vague and general enough to apply to a wide range of people. The same effect has been used to explain the popularity of horoscopes.
Daily Horoscope for Your Zodiac Sign
Yet another possible reason for the popularity of genetic ancestry stories is that because of the inherently random nature of the way genes are passed on to offspring, and mutation — the processes that generate genetic differences — very different population histories can give rise to the same patterns of genetic differences between individuals. If that's true, can we say that if you ask an angry one, you'll get an angry response? Will a thoughtful one produce a sensitive reply? It's not that simple; which is why people such as barristers study the art of asking questions.
You're searching for information which will put you into a position from which you will be able to make a better decision. The way that you ask for information will make a big difference. Imagine an artist who specialises in working with miniatures being commissioned to work on a huge portrait. Life requires us all to be able to adapt to surprising new vistas and challenges.
So there's no need to be anxious about the opportunity that arrives in your world today.
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When we're invited to take part in something that's beyond our normal range of interest, we can be secretly worried that it will lead us away from the things we rely on. Yet there's room for the old and the new in your world. Starting's always the hard part. When faced with a complicated conundrum, how on Earth are you supposed to know where to begin? As an Aries, surely you like to leap in headfirst and start where you land?
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Of course, you could be diligent and start compiling lists, collecting data and double-check before implementing a carefully considered strategy. But is there really time for that? Don't fritter time worrying about making a mistake. Do the best job you can; it will be enough. As Venus, your ruler, settles into a new sector of the sky, your feelings are intensified. So what are you supposed to do with them? You can't just put them away until a situation changes. You need to acknowledge them so that they're able to inform your choice.
Yet there's someone else involved, who has strong feelings too. Can you just ignore their views and insist that yours are upheld? You have the gift of being able to negotiate through a jungle of complicated emotions today. The characters have all been called to the drawing room, where they're waiting for the crime to be solved.
Since this story has been written by an ingenious author, even though we all have a suspect in mind, there's bound to be a surprise in store. There will have been a few carefully placed red herrings which have led us off track. Much of the responsibility lies with the idiotic print and electronic media, who daily promote this nonsense ,either to increase readership or out of sheer ignorance. Nowadays journalists are mostly Arts types with absolutely no understanding of the sciences. Just look at the Ulama to understand the situation, as to what what happened to Islamic Science 1, years ago.
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They all are depending on the Infidel inventions and developments. NV, Let us not forget the apparently rational Ranil and the visibly superstitious MR, who both think Indian gods are better than local ones. The pseudo-sciences like astrology will continue to thrive as long as the people are not courageuos enough to take their destiny on to their own hands.
In order to convince a believing follower of the validity of astrology, all you need is a vaguely constructed reading or a prediction among a list of ten that they may interpret as being accurately told. Whenever such readings are subjected to any rational or scientific scrutiny, these are badly exposed for what they really are.
He was arrested by police according to medi.
No, I was not aware. Unfortunately the Sangha is not centrally organised and controlled like the Churches, so there is nobody to discipline him. I have always thought that there will be no solution to these problems until monks are registered in some way. The court of public opinion is not strong enough to run the bugger out of town. If you observe the Sangha carefully the members of the governing body is least interested in an orderly behaviour of its members. Instead they are only interested in what benefit them and how they can wield power over elected governments. Native, I think you are stretching it a bit from governing body to State to sovereignty.
Paul — I have had no problem with majority of the monks whom I have met in my lifetime. In fact they do not mix their vocation with cheap politics of the politicians. They shun publicity and provide lot of service to the people. It is not severance of the placenta but severance of the umbilical cord. Anyway, that is a minor point.
The major point is this: I know a couple whose marriage was arranged by the elders. They checked with several astrologers to find out if the horoscopes matched. So the marriage took place amidst a large gathering and that happened more than 20 years ago. They have three offspring. I met the husband recently and he told me that despite what the astrologers had stated, he and his wife were really an incompatible pair in almost all respects.